Australian Car Brands
Australian car brands are far and few between. With only six major manufacturers in the country, and many of them shutting down operations, the country’s auto industry is shrinking quickly. Today, the auto market is primarily comprised of vehicles imported from Europe and Asia. Listed below are the major car manufacturers in Australia.
Ford Australia is a subsidiary of the Fort Motor Company. It was founded in Geelong, Victoria in 1925 as an outpost of the Ford Canada. At the time, Ford Canada was a separate company from the American Ford Motor Company. Some of the company’s first models were Model Ts.
Ford Australia is the only car maker in the country that designs and manufactures its own high-volume engines. In 2013, the company announced that it would stop producing cars. Its factories in Broadmeadows and Geelong are expected to close in October of 2016.
Ford Australia’s vehicle lineup includes:
- Falcon Ute
Headquartered in Port Melbourne, GM Holden Ltd operates in Australasia and was founded in 1856. Originally, Holden was a saddlery manufacturer, but the company began manufacturing cars in 1908. It would eventually become a subsidiary of General Motors in 1931.
Holden produces small, medium and large cars as well as SUVs and utility vehicles. The company’s lineup includes:
- Barina Spark
- Commodore and Sportwagon
- Captiva 7
- Captiva 5
- Colorado 7
Iveco is a subsidiary of the CNH Industrial Group, an Italian industrial vehicle manufacturing company. The company builds and designs commercial vehicles of all sizes, including buses, quarry/construction site vehicles and special vehicles used for military, firefighting and civil defense.
Iveco’s lineup of current vehicles includes:
- Indcar Mago 2 (midibus)
- Daily van
- Daily S2000
- Daily S2000 minibus
- Stralis racing truck
- Iveco Daily
- TurboCity-U 480 (bus)
- Magirus Super Dragon X8
Although Mack Trucks is based in the United States, the truck-manufacturing company operates assembly plants in Australia. At one time, the company also produced trolleys and buses. The company’s first truck was manufactured in 1907 and its current name was adopted in 1922. Mack Trucks is now a subsidiary of AB Volvo.
The Mack Trucks lineup in Australia includes:
- Trident/Axle Forward/Axle Back
- TerraPro/Low Entry/Cabover
Kenworth Australia is a part of Paccar Inc. The company primarily manufactures semi-trucks in Australia. The American manufacturer is based in Kirkland, Washington and is also a former manufacturer of school and transit buses.
Kenworth manufactures a number of different trucks with varying models in different countries. Their Australian lineup includes the following models:
- T400 series
The T range vehicles are bonneted models. The C range is designed for mine, heavy haulage, road train and off-road use. The K range includes cab over models.
The 08 Series includes conventional bonneted models. The K108 is the only cab over model, and is popular in the B-Double market.
Kenworth Australia trucks are assembled at in Victoria, Australia at the Kenworth Bayswater facility.
Toyota Australia (also known as TMCA) is a subsidiary of the Japan-based Toyota Motor Corporation. In February 2014, it was announced that the company would cease manufacturing in Australia by the end of 2017.
Toyota Australia’s current lineup of cars includes the following model:
- FJ Cruiser
- Land Cruiser 200
- Land Cruiser Prado
- Land Cruiser 78